Most people find Greek mythology to be fascinating, and various aspects of our language and terminology was developed from details of these epoch stories. They are filled with allegory and examples for high moral living, and are suitable for interpretation on numerous levels, replete with puzzles and dangling quandaries that continue to be the subject of many an intellectual debate. Greek Mythology helped to found many of the basics of present western culture.
What Greek Mythology is
The tenet of Greek Mythology is found in stories about gods and goddesses, demigods, super-heroes, various immortals, mythical creatures and monsters, with a few ordinary people in the mix. Certain gods and goddesses are known as Olympians, as they were seated on thrones in Olympia. These gods frequently interact in the lives of ordinary humans, and are drawn to beautiful young women, thus their names are prevalently listed in legendary Greek mythology genealogy charts of important legendary successors. Most people have heard the names of the most prominent Greek gods, at one time or another: Apollo, Ares, Dionysus, Hades, Hephaestus, Hermes, Poseidon and Zeus.
In the Beginning
It all starts out with the self-generating Chaos, known to be an elemental force–meaning that it only contains itself and nothing else. You may have heard it said that “In the beginning, there was nothing but Chaos.” This corresponds to the Biblical record of “The Word.” From out of Chaos, the other elements came into being, and they were Love, Earth, Sky and later–the Titans.
With each new generation, these elements took on more human characteristics. Titans were the offspring of Gaia–or Earth, and Uranus–the Sky. Then from one specific pair of Titans, we learn that the Olympian gods and goddesses were born, which linked them all as grandchildren of Earth And Sky. We find that there was eventual conflict preceding from between the Titans and Olympians, and as a result, there is far less told about the Titans from this point forward, as the Olympians prevailed–think: “Olympics” here–like battle “victors.” The Titans remain vital to the scope of Greek Mythology, especially as the giant Atlas, who eternally holds the world balanced on his shoulders is a Titan.
From the elemental forces of Earth and Sky came a myriad of offspring, including monsters with 100 arms, one-eyed cyclops and the Titans. The overbearingly paternal Sky saddened mother Earth by forbidding their children from seeing the light of day. In retribution, Earth and son Cronus “neutered” father sky, whose severed genitals fell into the sea and reemerged up from the foam, which produced the goddess of love, Aphrodite. The blood from the act fell upon Earth, giving birth to the spirits of Vengeance, the Furies or the “Kindly Ones.”
Romans had their own equivalent gods and goddesses, with their goddess of vegetation Venus being on par with Greek mythology’s Aphrodite, for example. Each similar, but with their own twists that make them unique to their culture.